Mediterranean anemia(thalassemia) is considered a kind of heritable hemolytic disease, occurring relatively often in southern China. Approximately 5% of the world’s population are healthy carriers of a gene for sickle-cell disease or thalassemia, and over 1.41 million live in Guangxi province, China. The cost of keeping one child with thalassemia alive is about 300 dollar per month, since the social security and medicare system in China were still in progress, many patients from deprived areas usually can not afford the costs of their treatment. Statistically, less than 4.5% children in China can survive past the age of 15. What getting serious is, with the process of population migration, this disease is now making inroads around the country.